Swine Health Ontario - Disease Information Detail
   
SHO

 Disease Information

Animal diseases found in swine vary in virulence, ease of transmission, mode of transmission, and host affinity. Diseases of concern are highly contagious diseases that cause significant morbidity or mortality. Animal diseases of concern are commonly categorized in the following manner.

PDCoV

Porcine DeltaCoronavirus (PDCoV)

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Highlights

Symptoms/Transmission/Diagnosis

  • Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting and associated dehydration; often indistinguishable from PEDv or TGEv
  • Transmission likely via contact with affected pigs and/or manure from affected pigs (exact transmission pathways not well known, but likely to be similar to PEDv)
  • Diagnosis made via PCR testing

Mortality/Recovery

  • Mortality can be elevated, particularly in piglets <14 days old (though generally lower than PED mortality rates)
  • Older pigs will normally recover

Prevention/Vaccination/Treatment

  • There are no direct treatments; may be recommended to allow transmission to continue within adult pigs to develop natural antibodies
  • Ensure biosecurity protocols are in place and followed at all times
  • Depopulation, cleaning and disinfection of affected facilities may be recommended

Risk to Human Health/Food Safety?

  • This disease is only infectious to swine and poses no threat to humans
  • Pork products from PDCoV affected herds are safe to eat

Federally Reportable?

No

PDCoV is monitored by SHO under the Area Regional Control & Elimination (ARC&E) program. All producers should enroll in the program to facilitate traceability of PDCoV in Ontario. Visit www.onarce.ca for more information.

Porcine DeltaCoronavirus (PDCoV)

Additional Resources

https://www.pig333.com/pig-diseases/delta-coronavirus_162

https://onswine.wordpress.com/2014/03/19/omafmra-disease-advisory-swine-deltacoronavirus-found-in-ontario/

https://www.alberta.ca/swine-delta-coronavirus-sdcv-reportable.aspx


Last Updated: 8/17/2021 3:17 PM

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